Lauri Peterson disputerar den 8 juni

2021-05-10

Lauri Peterson försvarar sin avhandling Investigating the Determinants of International, National and Local Climate Policies den 8 juni kl 13:15. Disputationen kommer att sändas live från Brusewitzsalen, Östra Ågatan 19. Länk till den digitala sändningen hittar du här.

Lauri Peterson

Opponent är docent Niklas Harring vid statsvetenskapliga institutionen vid Göteborgs universitet.

Betygsnämndens ledamöter är professor Karin Bäckstrand, statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet, docent Hanne Fjelde, institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning, Uppsala universitet och professor Stefano Guzzini (ordförande vid disputationen), statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet. 

Investigating the Determinants of International, National and Local Climate Policies

Abstract

Climate change is a global threat that requires policy action on all levels of governance. The 2015 Paris Agreement opened a new era of governance, entailing a shift away from the top-down approach embodied by the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. It relies instead mainly on voluntary climate pledges, which are meant to be ratcheted up through a process of assessment and review. This allows international organizations and country and local governments much more flexibility in deciding their own level of climate ambition, as well as their own methods for achieving it. I identify some significant variations in policy-making that are not explained by the “usual suspects” of material capacities and organizational capabilities. In keeping with the multi-level nature of modern climate governance, I examine the determinants of climate policies on the international, national, and local levels. I do so with the help of quantitative methods applied to survey results from high-income and middle-income countries, and to data on political institutions and physical vulnerability. With this dissertation, I contribute to the literature by identifying a number of key determinants of climate mitigation policy on different levels of climate governance. First, in a study of international climate finance, I ascertain that different organizational arrangements in the bureaucratic area determine the selection of developing countries, as well as the amount of funding allocated to them by developed countries. Second, in a comparison of domestic and international climate policies, I establish that countries which have adopted more ambitious climate policies domestically are also more likely to furnish greater amounts of international climate finance. Third, in a review of national climate policies, I show that extreme weather events do not impel governments to increase climate action in countries without strong democratic institutions. Fourth, in an examination of local climate policies, I find that it is public awareness of human-caused climate change – not partisanship – that matters most for the adoption of comprehensive climate plans among frontrunner cities. These results shed light on the multi-level challenge of climate change by identifying distinct determinants of climate policy on each level of governance. This dissertation adds nuance to our understanding of the determinants of policies for climate change mitigation by stressing the importance of domestic actors and institutions for effective climate action.

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Senast uppdaterad: 2021-04-06